Evaluate an expression asynchronously in a new background R process. This function will return immediately with a 'mirai', which will resolve to the evaluated result once complete.

eval_mirai(.expr, ..., .args = list(), .timeout = NULL)

mirai(.expr, ..., .args = list(), .timeout = NULL)



an expression to evaluate in a new R process. This may be of arbitrary length, wrapped in {} if necessary.


(optional) named arguments specifying variables contained in '.expr'.


(optional) list supplying arguments to '.expr' (used in addition to or instead of named arguments specified as '...').


(optional) integer value in milliseconds or NULL for no timeout. A 'mirai' will resolve to an 'errorValue' 5 (timed out) if evaluation exceeds this limit.


A 'mirai' object.


This function will return a 'mirai' object immediately.

The value of a 'mirai' may be accessed at any time at $data, and if yet to resolve, an 'unresolved' logical NA will be returned instead.

unresolved may also be used on a 'mirai', which returns TRUE only if a 'mirai' has yet to resolve and FALSE otherwise. This is suitable for use in control flow statements such as while or if.

Alternatively, to call (and wait for) the result, use call_mirai on the returned 'mirai' object. This will block until the result is returned.

The expression '.expr' will be evaluated in a new R process in a clean environment consisting of the named objects passed as '...' only (along with objects in the list '.args', if supplied).

If an error occurs in evaluation, the error message is returned as a character string of class 'miraiError' and 'errorValue'. is_mirai_error may be used to test for this, otherwise is_error_value will also include other errors such as timeouts.

mirai is an alias for eval_mirai.


if (interactive()) {
# Only run examples in interactive R sessions

m <- mirai(x + y + 1, x = 2, y = 3)

df1 <- data.frame(a = 1, b = 2)
df2 <- data.frame(a = 3, b = 1)
m <- mirai(as.matrix(rbind(df1, df2)), .args = list(df1, df2), .timeout = 1000)

m <- mirai({
  res <- rnorm(n)
  res / rev(res)
}, n = 1e6)
while (unresolved(m)) {